Thermo-Calc Cited Over 1000 Times in 2015


An in-depth review of the 2015 literature found that Thermo-Calc Software products were cited over 1000 times in journals, conference papers, university theses, book chapters and patent applications in fields as diverse as dentistry, fuel cells, microelectronics, welding, joining, casting, corrosion, nuclear energy, ceramics and nickel- and steel-related industries (just to name a few).

The topics range from the macro- to micro-level, from meteorites[1] to platinum jewellery[2] and power plants[3] to nanowire systems[4]. This is sure to be only a micro scratch on the surface of the content available.

Published in 231 Different Journals

Thermo-Calc continues to be recognised by the scientific community as a reliable and trusted tool. In total Thermo-Calc software and databases were named in 231 journals. Articles were published in prestigious journals such as Science[5] and Nature Communications[6] as well as many more in leading materials science publications.

Journals with the most articles include:

  • Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A (68 papers)
  • Journal of Alloys and Compounds (46 papers)
  • Acta Materialia (41 papers)
  • Calphad (40 papers)

Our software has wide ranging applicability. Other journals where you will find us mentioned include Ultramicroscopy, Surface and Coatings Technology, Lasers in Engineering and Nanoscale. Numerous articles are published in other languages, some discovered during the search. For example, Acta Metallurgica Sinica (Chinese), the Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals (Japanese) and BHM Berg- und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte (German).

Did You Know?

  • Thermo-Calc was used in the analysis of Japanese swords[7] and in the field of archeometallurgy[8] and gold recovery methods[9].
  • Thermo-Calc was published in at least 12 languages other than English, including Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Finnish, and Polish. China published the most, with 286 articles. The USA followed with 149 articles and Japan with 99.
  • In the 1045 articles reviewed, organisations from 59 countries cited our products.
  • There were 235 collaborations between countries and many other collaborations between organisations in the same country. The top collaboration between countries was China and the USA, who had at least 24 projects together.

Popular Research Areas

Steels and steel alloys continue to be a highly researched area. The Thermo-Calc steel and Fe-alloy databases TCFE, MOBFE and MOB, were used in over 200 of the articles where a database was named. There are over 260 papers that specifically named one or more of these databases. For example in a collaboration between researchers from the Colorado School of Mines (USA) and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA) they used Thermo-Calc and TCFE in their paper ‘A Composite Modeling Analysis of the Deformation Behavior of Medium Manganese Steels’[10].

You can also open one of these journals to discover how researchers are using Thermo-Calc software with the Thermo-Calc Ni-based superalloy databases, TCNI and/or MOBNI. For example:

  • The National Energy Technology Laboratory (USA) used Thermo-Calc and TCNI database: ‘Design of Refractory High-Entropy Alloys’[11].
  • Collaboration between Forschungszentrum Julich (Germany) and Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands) used Thermo-Calc and DICTRA plus the MOBNI and TCNI databases: ‘A new computational approach for modelling the microstructural evolution and residual lifetime assessment of MCrAlY coatings’[12].

The Thermo-Calc aluminium alloys databases, TCAL and MOBAL, are also in the literature:

  • Researchers at MINES ParisTech (France) used Thermo-Calc and DICTRA with the TCAL and MOBAL databases: ‘Analytical model for equiaxed globular solidification in multicomponent alloys’[13].
  • University of Florida (USA) researchers used Thermo-Calc and the TCAL database: ‘Development of an ICME Approach for Alumninum Alloy Corrosion’[14].

For more information on our over 30 thermodynamic and kinetic databases, visit the databases page on our website.

Theses Published in 16 Countries

Last year, at a minimum, sixty-four students, 64% at the PhD level, cited Thermo-Calc products. The theses originated from universities from Australia, North and South America, China, Europe, Finland, Norway, South Africa and the Ukraine:

  • Bi-Cheng Zhou at Pennsylvania State University (USA) used the PARROT and Scheil modules with Thermo-Calc and the TCMG database: ‘A Computational Study of the Effects of Alloying Elements On the Thermodynamic and Diffusion Properties of Mg Alloys’[15].
  • Masoud Al Gahtani at the University of Wollongong (Australia) used Thermo-Calc and DICTRA with the TCFE and MOB databases: ‘Formation of micro-structural banding in hot-rolled medium-carbon steel’[16].
  • Zi-yong Hou at KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden) used Thermo-Calc, DICTRA and TC-PRISMA as well as the TCFE and MOBFE databases: ‘Study of precipitation in martensitic Fe-C-Cr alloys during tempering: Experiments and modelling’[17].

If you have any questions or want to share one of your publications, contact us at


[1]        A. Makino, P. Sharma, K. Sato, A. Takeuchi, Y. Zhang, K. Takenaka, Artificially produced rare-earth free cosmic magnet., Sci. Rep. 5 (2015) 16627. doi:10.1038/srep16627.

[2]        U.E. Klotz, T. Heiss, D. Tiberto, Platinum Investment Casting, Part II: Alloy Optimisation by Thermodynamic Simulation and Experimental Verification, Johnson Matthey Technol. Rev. 59 (2015) 129–138. doi:10.1595/205651315X687515.

[3]        V.N. Skorobogatykh, I. Schenkova, P.A. Kozlov, M. Nakhabina, A. Rogalev, Martensitic and austenitic creep resistant steels for application in advanced ultra-supercritical thermal power plants, Contemp. Eng. Sci. 8 (2015) 1371–1382.

[4]        M. Ghasemi, Z. Zanolli, M. Stankovski, J. Johansson, Size- and shape-dependent phase diagram of In-Sb nano-alloys, Nanoscale. 7 (2015) 17387–17396. doi:10.1039/c5nr04014k.

[5]        M. Kuzmina, M. Herbig, D. Ponge, S. Sandlobes, D. Raabe, Linear complexions: Confined chemical and structural states at dislocations, Science, 349 (2015) 1080–1083. doi:10.1126/science.aab2633.

[6]        A. van de Walle, Q. Hong, S. Kadkhodaei, R. Sun, The free energy of mechanically unstable phases., Nat. Commun. 6 (2015) 7559. doi:10.1038/ncomms8559.

[7]        A.H. Pham, T. Ohba, S. Morito, T. Hayashi, Automatic Reconstruction Approach to Characterization of Prior-Austenite Microstructure in Various Japanese Swords, Mater. Trans. 56 (2015) 1639–1647. doi:10.2320/matertrans.MAW201509.

[8]        B.J. Sabatini, The As-Cu-Ni System: A Chemical Thermodynamic Model for Ancient Recycling, JOM. 67 (2015) 2984–2992. doi:10.1007/s11837-015-1593-3.

[9]        J. Salminen, P. Blomberg, J. Mäkinen, L. Räsänen, Environmental aspects of metals removal from waters and gold recovery, AIChE J. 61 (2015) 2739–2748. doi:10.1002/aic.14917.

[10]      R. Rana, P.J. Gibbs, E. De Moor, J.G. Speer, D.K. Matlock, A Composite Modeling Analysis of the Deformation Behavior of Medium Manganese Steels, Steel Res. Int. 86 (2015) 1139–1150. doi:10.1002/srin.201400577.

[11]      M.C. Gao, C. Carney, Ö.N. Doğan, P.D. Jablonski, J.A. Hawk, D.E. Alman, Design of Refractory High-Entropy Alloys, JOM. 67 (2015) 2653–2669. doi:10.1007/s11837-015-1617-z.

[12]      R. Pillai, W.G. Sloof, A. Chyrkin, L. Singheiser, W.J. Quadakkers, A new computational approach for modelling the microstructural evolution and residual lifetime assessment of MCrAlY coatings, Mater. High Temp. 32 (2015) 57–67. doi:10.1179/0960340914Z.00000000063.

[13]      G. Guillemot, C.-A. Gandin, Analytical model for equiaxed globular solidification in multicomponent alloys, Acta Mater. 97 (2015) 419–434. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2015.04.030.

[14]      K.D. Smith, M. Jaworowski, R. Ranjan, G.S. Zafiris, Development of an ICME Approach for Alumninum Alloy Corrosion, in: Proc. 3rd World Congr. Integr. Comput. Mater. Eng., John Wiley & Sons, 2015: pp. 173–180.

[15]      B.-C. Zhou, A Computational Study of the Effects Of Alloying Elements On the Thermodynamic and Diffusion Properties of Mg Alloys, PhD Thesis, Pennsylvania State University, 2015.

[16]      M. Al Gahtani, Formation of micro-structural banding in hot-rolled medium-carbon steel, PhD Thesis, University of Wollongong, 2015.

[17]      Z. Hou, Study of precipitation in martensitic Fe-C-Cr alloys during tempering: Experiments and modelling, PhD Thesis, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015.

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